Startup and Shutdown

The ASGI lifespan specification includes the ability for awaiting coroutines before the first byte is received and after the final byte is sent, through the startup and shutdown lifespan events. This is particularly useful for creating and destroying connection pools. Quart supports this via the decorators before_serving() and after_serving(), which function like before_first_request().

The decorated functions are all called within the app context, allowing current_app and g to be used.

To use this functionality simply do the following:

@app.before_serving
async def create_db_pool():
    app.db_pool = await ...
    g.something = something

@app.before_serving
async def use_g():
    g.something.do_something()

@app.route("/")
async def index():
    app.db_pool.execute(...)
    g.something.do_something_else()

@app.after_serving
async def create_db_pool():
    await app.db_pool.close()

Testing

Quart’s test client works on a request lifespan and hence does not call before_serving or after_serving functions. Instead Quart’s test app can be used, for example

@pytest.fixture(name="app", scope="function")
async def _app():
    app = create_app()  # Initialize app
    async with app.test_app() as test_app:
        yield test_app

The app fixture can then be used as normal, knowing that the before_serving and after_serving functions have been called,

@pytest.mark.asyncio
async def test_index(app):
    test_client = app.test_client()
    await test_client.get("/")
    ...